故事 | 济南府城隍爷的传说

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城隍神在宋代以后开始人格化,人民多以当地死去的名臣或英雄人物作为城隍神来供奉,如苏州城隍为春申君,上海城隍为秦裕伯,杭州城隍为周新。其实,在民间信仰中,城隍神并非一成不变,这些阴间的地方父母官,也与阳间的官员一样,有任期,有升迁的。济南府的城隍就是一个例子。

关于济南城,民间有一种说法是铁铉,但此说未见于正式记载,但在小说中却有记载。清康熙年间神话小说《女仙外史》讲述的是唐赛儿起义的故事。书中说唐赛儿的父亲唐孝廉死后被“上帝召为济南府城隍”,后来铁铉殉难后,唐孝廉升为开封府城隍,铁铉补缺成为济南府城隍,铁铉受封为济南府城隍虽然只见诸于小说记载,但并非凭空编造,应该有一定的民间传说基础。

人死后受封为城隍大都为“天帝”敕封,上天要将这一信息传达给人间,一个重要的渠道就是托梦。例如,《女仙外史》中唐孝廉在死前被托梦告知将任命为济南府城隍。铁铉在死后也是托梦给儿子告知将要当济南府城隍的事。

下面还有几则有关济南府城隍的有趣的民间传说。

XXIn the "Ma Yuanfang" section of the Qing Dynasty notebook novel《萤窗异草》, in the 47th year of Emperor Kangxi, Ma Yuanfang’s uncle Ma Jiezhen was in critical condition. Ma Yuanfang went to Dongyue Temple to pray for his uncle. On the way back, he entered the underworld with erroneous anger. Seeing his father Ma He, Ma and telling Ma Yuanfang, Yuan Jie, the uncle of Yuanfang, was appointed as the city of Jinan by the Jade Emperor, but when Ma Jiezhen was the chief examiner in Chu, he reversed the merits of the test paper. Wenchang Emperor impeached. The investigation of Ma He’s character is very correct, so Ma and his younger brother will serve as the city of Jinan. Shortly after Ma Yuanfang woke up, he received news of his father's death, while his uncle Ma Jieyu died only five years later.

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Another Qing Dynasty note novel《北东园笔录》described another real "real" thing, Guan Tao County ordered Zhang Qi, after the death of the Guantao County, this matter is said by a servant of Zhang Xianling Out, this servant is a "dead person", that is, a person who walks in the yin and yang and works for the prince. The servant said that the lord had not finished Yang Shou, but the former Guantao County was promoted to the city of Jinan, and he had to go to the office, and the prince’s Yang Shou would be dealt with separately.

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In the above two legends, the candidates for the Jinan City Chengyu seem to be not limited to those who have served in Jinan or who are related to Jinan City, but are like ordinary positions in the Yang Dynasty and the promotion of positions.

xx济南市真实地包含在知识中,是康熙年间的两位神灵。根据干隆《历城县志》,在康熙时期,山东省省会济南市的传说被命名为杨(有一个叫杨学文的名字)。这座城市的神非常有效。寺庙关闭后,每天晚上都可以听到受折磨的囚犯的声音。有一天,县长梦见城里的上帝对他说:“我最近有太多的公务,而且没有足够的人。给我八个仆人听。”县长醒了,觉得很奇怪。第二天,县长写下了县里八名仆人的名字,然后跑到城Temple庙去烧。结果,八个人一起死亡。这些仆人的后代仍经常到城Temple庙烧纸,向祖先致敬。康熙五十年间,济南市神庙突然来到一群河南人,并送了一幅卷轴画。他说:“这幅名叫赵敬文的赵姓画已经走了很多年。突然有一天他给了他的同胞。天梦,说它已成为山东省的神,所以我们组织了画上了这座城市之神的画像。“因为市政厅位于阳城寺正殿的中间,所以河南人民把赵尚宇的肖像挂在正殿东侧。杨成玉的生日是4月,赵成的生日是9月。普通人不敢冒犯,所以城市之神都被供奉到今天(干隆时期)。

以上是济南市众神的故事,以及济南众神的故事。清同治九年,新建的济南寺建于江军庙街。谁是这座城市的神?他是清末济南知府的陈宽(陈理堂)。

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According to Wang Xianyi《家言随记》, Chen Kuan, the word Li Tang, Zhili Anzhou (now Anxin County, Hebei Province), is an Anzhou family, is the great-grandson of the second year of Chen Zhenghua. Chen Kuanwei is the glory of the Daoguang Lianjie Jinshi (continuously passed the test and the palace test of the year, took the Zhongshishi), went to Shandong to be an official, and served as the official Qinglian, successively served as Changshan, Qidong, Licheng County, Linqing Zhizhou, Caozhou, Jinan Prefects and Jidong Road. When Chen Kuan was appointed as the prefect of Jinan, it was the Taiping Army who attacked Shandong in the north. He trained the militia in Licheng and the four borders and actively prepared for defense. In addition, Chen Kuan also volunteered with the officials of the Shandong Governor, Chong En, and the township donation to repair the Tuquanquan pool and the universe. In the first year of Chen Kuang Tongzhi (1862), he was awarded the East Road, and it was less than a month old. He died of illness. One day in the eight years of Tongzhi, the prefects of Jinan and the magistrates of Licheng dreamed of Chen Kuan at the same time. Chen Kuan told them that he had already been ordered to become a city in Jinan, but there was no special temple. In the nine years of Tongzhi, Jinan’s prefect, Gong Yitu, founded the Fucheng Temple in the east of the original Eight Wax Temple in Jiangjun Temple Street.

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